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Rhus copallinum (Dwarf sumach)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
9m
Max height
6m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Rhus copallinum

Other names

Dwarf sumach, Shining sumach, Winged sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Shining sumac

Genus

Rhus Rhus

Species

R. copallinum - R. copallinum is an upright, deciduous shrub or small tree with branching, softly hairy, reddish-green stems bearing pinnate leaves divided into oblong to lance-shaped, glossy, dark green leaflets turning bright red in autumn. Conical panicles of yellow-green flowers in summer are followed by spherical, red fruit.


Rhus copallinum is: Deciduous

Habit

Upright

Toxicity

All parts are highly toxic if ingested and foliage may cause skin irritation.

Flower

Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Blue-green in Spring; Blue-green in Summer; Dark-red in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Coral spot , Verticillium wilt Coral spot , Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Rhus copallinum (Dwarf sumach) will reach a height of 9m and a spread of 6m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Coastal, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders

Cultivation

Grow in moist but well-drained soil in full sun for best autumn colour.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Rhus copallinum

Other names

Dwarf sumach, Shining sumach, Winged sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Shining sumac

Genus

Rhus Rhus

Species

R. copallinum - R. copallinum is an upright, deciduous shrub or small tree with branching, softly hairy, reddish-green stems bearing pinnate leaves divided into oblong to lance-shaped, glossy, dark green leaflets turning bright red in autumn. Conical panicles of yellow-green flowers in summer are followed by spherical, red fruit.

Native to

Eastern North America

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Upright

Toxicity

All parts are highly toxic if ingested and foliage may cause skin irritation.


Colour

Flower

Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Blue-green in Spring; Blue-green in Summer; Dark-red in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Specific diseases

Coral spot , Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Rhus copallinum (Dwarf sumach) will reach a height of 9m and a spread of 6m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Coastal, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders

Cultivation

Grow in moist but well-drained soil in full sun for best autumn colour.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 11, Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Rhus copallinum (Dwarf sumach)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Rhus copallinum (Dwarf sumach)

Common pest name

; mango aphid

Scientific pest name

Aphis odinae

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Aphid pest unlikely to survive in the UK and considered to be little or no pytosanitary risk.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Rhus copallinum (Dwarf sumach)

Common pest name

Stubby-root nematode

Scientific pest name

Trichodorus cedarus

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous nematode pest from Asia; occasionally intercepted by the UK. Causes direct feeding damage on plant roots and has the potential to vector viruses.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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