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Rosa canina (Dog rose)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
4m
Max height
2.5m
Max spread
5-10 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Rosa canina

Other names

Dog rose, Wild rose, Hep briar, Hep rose, Hep tree, Common brier, Dog briar, Canker rose, Cat whin, Choop tree, Canker, Cankerberry, Canker flower, Bird briar, Briar rose, Buckieberries

Genus

Rosa Rosa

Species

R. canina - R. canina is a scrambling, native rose shrub with stems covered with small, sharp, hooked spines and pale pink flowers with yellow stamens, followed by red-orange fruit in autumn.


Rosa canina is: Deciduous

Fragrance

Flower

Habit

Arching

Flower

Pale-pink, White in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Deer , Glasshouse red spider mite , Leaf-cutting bees , Leafhoppers , Rabbits , Rose leaf-rolling sawfly , Scale insects Aphids , Caterpillars , Deer , Glasshouse red spider mite , Leaf-cutting bees , Leafhoppers , Rabbits , Rose leaf-rolling sawfly , Scale insects

Powdery mildew , Rose rust Powdery mildew , Rose rust

General care

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Rosa canina (Dog rose) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 2.5m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in moist, free-draining soil in a sunny position. Avoid planting in sites that have previously been used for growing roses.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Rosa canina

Other names

Dog rose, Wild rose, Hep briar, Hep rose, Hep tree, Common brier, Dog briar, Canker rose, Cat whin, Choop tree, Canker, Cankerberry, Canker flower, Bird briar, Briar rose, Buckieberries

Genus

Rosa Rosa

Species

R. canina - R. canina is a scrambling, native rose shrub with stems covered with small, sharp, hooked spines and pale pink flowers with yellow stamens, followed by red-orange fruit in autumn.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

Flower

Habit

Arching


Colour

Flower

Pale-pink, White in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Summer


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Deer , Glasshouse red spider mite , Leaf-cutting bees , Leafhoppers , Rabbits , Rose leaf-rolling sawfly , Scale insects

Specific diseases

Powdery mildew , Rose rust

General care

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Rosa canina (Dog rose) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 2.5m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in moist, free-draining soil in a sunny position. Avoid planting in sites that have previously been used for growing roses.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Rosa canina (Dog rose)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Rosa canina (Dog rose)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Rose Rosette Virus

Type

Virus or Viroid

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Pest of economical and socially important host in the UK; which is currently absent. If introduced it has the potential to cause significant damage. Statutory action against findings is justified and regulation of the pest advised.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Rosa canina (Dog rose)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Phyllocoptes fructiphilus

Type

Mite

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Pest of economical and socially important host in the UK; which is currently absent. If introduced it has the potential to cause significant damage. Statutory action against findings is justified and regulation of the pest advised.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Rosa canina

The dog-rose produces conspicuous scarlet hips in autumn, sometimes known as dragon's eyes. These are edible and high in vitamin C, and they are often used to make syrup, jellies and other preserves… read more

Wild rose

this is a lovely rose for a Woodland garden. It has a short but effulgent flowering season, even in part shade. A bit of a scrambler but can be trained and tamed into a delightful rose bower. Bees… read more

There are 3 active discussions about Rosa canina (Dog rose)

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ARTICLES WITH THIS PLANT

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Tom Dixon and IKEA are curious to see how we can make a positive impact on what we put on our plates, and hence our planet by exploring urban growing. Through our garden, we will use democratic… read more

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By garden designer Kate Savill & Tamara Bridge. Inspired by its home on Falls Farm in Northamptonshire, ‘The Warner Edwards Garden’ reflects the surrounding landscape of the farm. read more

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By garden designer and landscaper Mark Gregory. The stunning Yorkshire Dales is the inspiration for Welcome to Yorkshire’s 2018 RHS Chelsea show-garden. read more

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