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Salix caprea (Goat willow)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
12m
Max height
8m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Salix caprea

Other names

Goat willow, Pussy willow, Sally, Palm willow, Florists willow, Great sallow, Sallow, Northamptonshire palm

Genus

Salix Salix

Species

S. caprea - S. caprea is a deciduous shrub or small tree with broad leaves and soft silky, silvery catkins, produced in early spring before the new leaves appear. The male and female catkins are on different plants.


Salix caprea is: Deciduous

Tree shape

Rounded

Flower

Silvery-grey in Spring

Foliage

Green in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Leaf beetles (willow and poplar) , Sawflies Aphids , Caterpillars , Leaf beetles (willow and poplar) , Sawflies

Anthracnose diseases , Rust Anthracnose diseases , Rust

General care

Pruning

Can be pollarded every 3-4 years.

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Salix caprea (Goat willow) will reach a height of 12m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Coastal, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in moist but well-drained or well-drained soil in full sun. Dislikes shallow chalk soil.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Salix caprea

Other names

Goat willow, Pussy willow, Sally, Palm willow, Florists willow, Great sallow, Sallow, Northamptonshire palm

Genus

Salix Salix

Species

S. caprea - S. caprea is a deciduous shrub or small tree with broad leaves and soft silky, silvery catkins, produced in early spring before the new leaves appear. The male and female catkins are on different plants.

Foliage

Deciduous

Tree shape

Rounded


Colour

Flower

Silvery-grey in Spring

Foliage

Green in Summer


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Leaf beetles (willow and poplar) , Sawflies

Specific diseases

Anthracnose diseases , Rust

General care

Pruning

Can be pollarded every 3-4 years.

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Salix caprea (Goat willow) will reach a height of 12m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Coastal, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in moist but well-drained or well-drained soil in full sun. Dislikes shallow chalk soil.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3, Zone 2

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Salix caprea (Goat willow)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Agrilus fleischeri

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Pest of poplar; native to East Asia. Likely to be damaging if introduced to the UK. Protecting against the risk of entry via wood packaging material and other means remains a priority. A Europe-wide assessment would be helpful; to consider strengthened regulation.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Salix caprea (Goat willow)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Salix caprea (Goat willow)

Common pest name

Japanese swift moth

Scientific pest name

Endoclita excrescens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous moth pest whose larvae feed off a range of herbaceous and woody hosts. Native to East Asia where substantial impacts have been observed; and current import requirements do not fully mitigate the risk of introduction. A PRA will help to assess the level of risk more fully.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Salix caprea

Closely related is the grey sallow Salix cinerea, which has smaller, more oblong leaves. Like the many other members of the willow family, both are a valuable source of nectar for insects in the… read more

Salix caprea

Pussy willow or goat willow is a small, many stemmed, deciduous tree or shrub. Closely related is the grey sallow Salix cinerea, which has smaller, more oblong leaves. Like the many other members of… read more

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