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Salix viminalis (Common osier)

Beginner
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
6m
Max height
5m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Salix viminalis

Other names

Common osier, Basket willow, Energetic willow

Genus

Salix Salix

Species

S. viminalis - S. viminalis is a vigorous, upright, deciduous shrub or small tree with yellow-green stems bearing linear, tapered, grey- to dark green leaves and dense, green catkins in late winter and early spring before the leaves emerge.


Salix viminalis is: Deciduous

Habit

Upright

Flower

Green in Spring; Green in Winter

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Dark-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Aphids , Sawflies Caterpillars , Aphids , Sawflies

Rust Rust

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1. Pruning group 7 to rejuvenate old plants.

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Salix viminalis (Common osier) will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 5m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Hedging/Screens, Coastal, Low Maintenance, Wildlife, Foliage only

Cultivation

Grow in deep, moist or moist but well-drained soil in sun. Does not tolerate shade or shallow chalk. Tolerates pollution and strong winds except strong coastal winds.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Salix viminalis

Other names

Common osier, Basket willow, Energetic willow

Genus

Salix Salix

Species

S. viminalis - S. viminalis is a vigorous, upright, deciduous shrub or small tree with yellow-green stems bearing linear, tapered, grey- to dark green leaves and dense, green catkins in late winter and early spring before the leaves emerge.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Upright


Colour

Flower

Green in Spring; Green in Winter

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Dark-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Aphids , Sawflies

Specific diseases

Rust

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1. Pruning group 7 to rejuvenate old plants.

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Salix viminalis (Common osier) will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 5m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Hedging/Screens, Coastal, Low Maintenance, Wildlife, Foliage only

Cultivation

Grow in deep, moist or moist but well-drained soil in sun. Does not tolerate shade or shallow chalk. Tolerates pollution and strong winds except strong coastal winds.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Salix viminalis (Common osier)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Agrilus fleischeri

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Pest of poplar; native to East Asia. Likely to be damaging if introduced to the UK. Protecting against the risk of entry via wood packaging material and other means remains a priority. A Europe-wide assessment would be helpful; to consider strengthened regulation.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Salix viminalis (Common osier)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Salix viminalis (Common osier)

Common pest name

Namangan longhorn beetle

Scientific pest name

Xylotrechus namanganensis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous pest originating in Asia; some uncertainty regarding risk to UK; further work needed to assess climatic suitability.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

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Inez Hardie

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