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Sambucus nigra (Common elder)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
8m
Max height
4m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Sambucus nigra

Other names

Common elder, European elderberry, Pipe tree, Black elderberry, Bur tree, Elderberry, European elder, Boor tree, Bore tree, Bour tree, Arn tree, Black elder, Boon tree

Genus

Sambucus Sambucus

Species

S. nigra - S. nigra is a large deciduous bush or small tree forming green leaflets and umbels of white flat-topped flowers in summer followed by black fruit in autumn.


Sambucus nigra is: Deciduous

Fragrance

Flowers are scented.

Habit

Bushy

Toxicity

Any part of the plant may cause discomfort if ingested. However, the berries may be consumed if cooked.

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Black-fly , Glasshouse red spider mite Black-fly , Glasshouse red spider mite

Verticillium wilt Verticillium wilt

General care

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Sambucus nigra (Common elder) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Coastal, Hedging/Screens, Wildlife, Woodland

Cultivation

Will tolerate most soils and aspects; ideally, grow in a moderately fertile, moist, well-drained soil. Will tolerate hard pruning to keep size in check.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Sambucus nigra

Other names

Common elder, European elderberry, Pipe tree, Black elderberry, Bur tree, Elderberry, European elder, Boor tree, Bore tree, Bour tree, Arn tree, Black elder, Boon tree

Genus

Sambucus Sambucus

Species

S. nigra - S. nigra is a large deciduous bush or small tree forming green leaflets and umbels of white flat-topped flowers in summer followed by black fruit in autumn.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

Flowers are scented.

Habit

Bushy

Toxicity

Any part of the plant may cause discomfort if ingested. However, the berries may be consumed if cooked.


Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Black-fly , Glasshouse red spider mite

Specific diseases

Verticillium wilt

General care

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Sambucus nigra (Common elder) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Coastal, Hedging/Screens, Wildlife, Woodland

Cultivation

Will tolerate most soils and aspects; ideally, grow in a moderately fertile, moist, well-drained soil. Will tolerate hard pruning to keep size in check.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Sambucus nigra

Its sweetly-scented flat panicles of flowers make excellent wine, tea and cordial and they are also delicious deep fried.Left on the plant, the flowers produce masses of small black fruits in autumn.… read more

There are 26 active discussions about Sambucus nigra (Common elder)

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