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Search Results for "quercus"


Quercus ilex (Holm oak)

Other names: Evergreen oak, Holly-leaved oak, Holly-oak, Ilex

Q. ilex is a large evergreen tree forming a dense crown of rounded leaves and inconspicuous yellow-green catkins in spring followed by characteristic acorns.
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Ultimate spread 12m
max. spread
Ultimate height 15m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-50 years
to maturity
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Quercus suber (Cork oak)

Other names: Cork tree

Q. suber is a half-hardy, rounded, evergreen tree with thick, ridged, corky bark and ovate to oblong, toothed, rigid, glossy, dark green leaves, grey-hairy beneath. Small catkins of insignificant yellow-green flowers in spring are followed by ovoid to oblong acorns.
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Ultimate spread 20m
max. spread
Ultimate height 20m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-50 years
to maturity
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Quercus petraea (Sessile oak)

Other names: Durmast oak, Quercus sessiliflora, Cornish oak

Q. petraea is a large, broad, rounded to spreading, deciduous tree with ridged, grey bark and yellow-stalked, leathery, ovate or oblong, lobed, dark green leaves turning orange-brown in autumn. Insignificant dull yellow flowers in spring are followed by stalkless, oblong to ovoid, brown acorns, borne singly or in clusters in autumn.
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Ultimate spread 20m
max. spread
Ultimate height 30m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-50 years
to maturity
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Quercus cerris (Turkey oak)

Other names: Iron oak, Bitter oak, Manna oak, Mossy-cupped oak, Wainscot oak

Q. cerris is a variable, fast-growing, spreading, deciduous tree with plated, dark grey bark and oblong to lance-shaped, deeply lobed or toothed, dark green leaves, pale green beneath, turning yellow-brown in autumn. Clusters or catkins of inconspicuous, yellow-green flowers in spring are followed by acorns with bristly cups.
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Ultimate spread 25m
max. spread
Ultimate height 30m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-50 years
to maturity
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Quercus prinoides (Dwarf chinkapin oak)

Other names: Dwarf chinquapin oak, Dwarf chestnut oak, Scrub chestnut oak

Q. prinoides is a spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree with leathery, oblong to lance-shaped, toothed or shallowly lobed, glossy, dark green leaves, pale green beneath. Solitary or paired, oblong to ovoid, green acorns, with a cup enclosing about half, ripen dark brown in autumn.
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Ultimate spread 6m
max. spread
Ultimate height 6m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 50-100 years
to maturity
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Quercus bicolor (Swamp white oak)

Q. bicolor is a spreading, deciduous tree with peeling, fissured, grey-brown bark and oblong to ovate, shallowly lobed, glossy, dark green leaves, white-hairy beneath when young and yellow in autumn. Oblong to ovoid acorns are enclosed by one-third in rounded caps with hairy scales.
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Ultimate spread 15m
max. spread
Ultimate height 20m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-40 years
to maturity
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Quercus acutissima (Sawtooth oak)

Other names: Sawthorn oak, Japanese silkworm oak

Q. acutissima is a rounded, deciduous tree with fissured, corky, grey to black bark and ovate to lance-shaped, glossy, mid-green leaves with bristle-tipped teeth. Ovoid acorns are borne in cups covered with long, slender, hairy scales.
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Ultimate spread 20m
max. spread
Ultimate height 20m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-50 years
to maturity
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Quercus coccinea (Scarlet oak)

Q. coccinea is a rounded, deciduous tree with plated, pale grey-brown bark and glossy, elliptic, deeply lobed, mid-green leaves with bristle-tipped teeth and turning bright red in autumn. Rounded acorns are half-covered in a bowl-shaped cap.
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Ultimate spread 15m
max. spread
Ultimate height 20m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-40 years
to maturity
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Quercus agrifolia (California live oak)

Other names: Coast live oak, Encina

Q. agrifolia is a dense, spreading, evergreen tree with ridged, grey bark, oval, convex, spiny-toothed, glossy, dark green leaves and slender, ovoid, pointed acorns enclosed by a cap with thin, overlapping scales.
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Ultimate spread 10m
max. spread
Ultimate height 10m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-50 years
to maturity
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Quercus chrysolepis (Canyon oak)

Other names: Maul oak, Golden cup oak, Canyon live oak, Californian live oak

Q. chrysolepis is a spreading, evergreen tree or shrub with scaly, whitish-grey or red-flushed bark, ovate to elliptic, spiny-toothed, leathery, glossy, mid- to dark green leaves, grey- or yellow-hairy beneath, and oblong to ovoid, sharp-tipped acorns in felted cups.
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Ultimate spread 10m
max. spread
Ultimate height 20m
max. height
Time to ultimate size 20-50 years
to maturity
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