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Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved lime)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
30m
Max height
20m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Tilia platyphyllos

Other names

Large-leaved lime, Broad-leaved lime, Bigleaf linden, Broadleaf linden

Genus

Tilia Tilia

Species

T. platyphyllos - T. platyphyllos is a broadly columnar, deciduous tree with rounded to broadly ovate, dark green leaves, white-hairy beneath and turning yellow in autumn, and pendent clusters of small, fragrant, pale yellow flowers in midsummer followed by green, winged fruit.


Tilia platyphyllos is: Deciduous

Fragrance

Flowers are fragrant.

Tree shape

Broadly columnar

Flower

Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Very susceptible to aphid infestation which produces sticky honeydew.

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites , Horse chestnut scale , Sawflies Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites , Horse chestnut scale , Sawflies

Phytophthora root diseases Phytophthora root diseases

General care

Propagation

Chip budding is the best method for propagation but care must be taken when choosing rootstock. Cold stratify seed for 3-5 months before sowing in spring in a cold frame. Alternatively, sow when ripe in autumn in a seed bed.

Propagation methods

Budding, Layering, Seed, Suckers


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Where to grow

Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved lime) will reach a height of 30m and a spread of 20m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in any alkaline or neutral, moist but well-drained (but not dry) soil. Avoid exposure to cold, drying winds.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Tilia platyphyllos

Other names

Large-leaved lime, Broad-leaved lime, Bigleaf linden, Broadleaf linden

Genus

Tilia Tilia

Species

T. platyphyllos - T. platyphyllos is a broadly columnar, deciduous tree with rounded to broadly ovate, dark green leaves, white-hairy beneath and turning yellow in autumn, and pendent clusters of small, fragrant, pale yellow flowers in midsummer followed by green, winged fruit.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

Flowers are fragrant.

Tree shape

Broadly columnar


Colour

Flower

Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Very susceptible to aphid infestation which produces sticky honeydew.

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites , Horse chestnut scale , Sawflies

Specific diseases

Phytophthora root diseases

General care

Propagation

Chip budding is the best method for propagation but care must be taken when choosing rootstock. Cold stratify seed for 3-5 months before sowing in spring in a cold frame. Alternatively, sow when ripe in autumn in a seed bed.

Propagation methods

Budding, Layering, Seed, Suckers


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved lime) will reach a height of 30m and a spread of 20m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in any alkaline or neutral, moist but well-drained (but not dry) soil. Avoid exposure to cold, drying winds.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved lime)

Common pest name

Japanese long scale; Japanese maple scale; Long scale; Japanese; Pear white scale

Scientific pest name

Lopholeucaspis japonica

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Regulated only on Citrus at present; regulation on other hosts needs to be considered. Only likely to be a pest under glass in UK.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved lime)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Tilia platyphyllos (Large-leaved lime)

Common pest name

Plum; borer; American

Scientific pest name

Euzophera semifuneralis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Pest of Prunus; native to North America; which would be damaging if introduced to the UK. Statutory action would be taken against any interceptions and a PRA will help better assess the level of risk to the UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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