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Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry)

Advanced
skill rating
3 hours care
per year
0.4m
Max height
0.4m
Max spread
5-10 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Other names

Foxberry, Mountain cranberry, Lowbush cranberry, Cowberry, Hurtleberry, Hurts, Lingonberry, Whinberry, Munshock, Red whortleberry, Brawlins, Flowering box, Lingberry, Foxberry, Partridge berry

Genus

Vaccinium Vaccinium

Species

V. vitis-idaea - V. vitis-idaea is a compact, evergreen, semi-woody fruiting perennial with a spreading habbit. It has glossy, tiny, green leaves and white, round berries that turn red when ripe.


Vaccinium vitis-idaea is: Evergreen

Habit

Spreading

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars Caterpillars

Grey mould , Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust Grey mould , Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust

General care

Pruning

Cranberry can be pruned after harvest to stimulate the production of vigorous uprights that will produce more fruit.


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Where to grow

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry) will reach a height of 0.4m and a spread of 0.4m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Ground Cover, Gravel, Garden edging, Rock, Low Maintenance

Cultivation

Plant in a sun to part shade with moist, humus-rich soil. Requires an acidic boggy condition. Keep moist all year. Susceptible to frost damage and delayed flowering in cold areas.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Other names

Foxberry, Mountain cranberry, Lowbush cranberry, Cowberry, Hurtleberry, Hurts, Lingonberry, Whinberry, Munshock, Red whortleberry, Brawlins, Flowering box, Lingberry, Foxberry, Partridge berry

Genus

Vaccinium Vaccinium

Species

V. vitis-idaea - V. vitis-idaea is a compact, evergreen, semi-woody fruiting perennial with a spreading habbit. It has glossy, tiny, green leaves and white, round berries that turn red when ripe.

Native to

Japan, North America, Northern Africa, Northern Europe

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Spreading


Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars

Specific diseases

Grey mould , Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust

General care

Pruning

Cranberry can be pruned after harvest to stimulate the production of vigorous uprights that will produce more fruit.


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry) will reach a height of 0.4m and a spread of 0.4m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Ground Cover, Gravel, Garden edging, Rock, Low Maintenance

Cultivation

Plant in a sun to part shade with moist, humus-rich soil. Requires an acidic boggy condition. Keep moist all year. Susceptible to frost damage and delayed flowering in cold areas.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa (all other strains and subspecies)

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range and many sub-species and strains; including those that could thrive in cooler climates; showing different levels of pathogenicity. Although EU regulated; there is some concern about the risk of introduction. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry)

Common pest name

leaf rust of blueberry

Scientific pest name

Thekopsora minima

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Rust fungus affecting blueberry and hemlock. This fungus has been detected in Europe (Germany; Netherlands and Portugal). Some uncertainty about the suitability of UK native host species. But the case for regulation should be considered based on the EPPO PRA.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry)

Common pest name

A dagger nematode

Scientific pest name

Xiphinema rivesi

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous nematode pest which is also a virus vector. Present in a number of European countries; but not detected in the UK; although may have been present in soil attached to plants imported to the UK. No evidence of significant damage seen elsewhere in Europe.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

v. vitis-idaea var minus, anyone?

I'm looking for the very dwarf North-American vaccinium vitis-idaea ssp.minus -- or seeds thereof. If anyone can give me a source (seeds can be from anywhere of course), I'd be grateful. read more

Great for jam

If I had the space in my garden I would plant several of these in an easy to pick location, because when the berries are ripe they make marvellous jam. Bear in mind that you will need plenty of sugar… read more

There is 1 active discussion about Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry)

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GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

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