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Valeriana officinalis (Common valerian)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
2m
Max height
0.8m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Valeriana officinalis

Other names

Common valerian, All heal, Set-well, English valerian, Belgian valerian, German valerian, Wild valerian, Heliotrope, Garden heliotrope, Fragrant valerian, Vandal root, Phu , Amantilla, Capon's tail

Genus

Valeriana Valeriana

Species

V. officinalis - V. officinalis is a clump-forming, upright, herbaceous perennial with fleshy, branching stems, aromatic, bright green basal and stem leaves and clusters of pink or white flowers in summer.


Valeriana officinalis is: Deciduous

Habit

Clump-forming, Upright

Toxicity

Continual use, or high doses may cause severe discomfort and medical problems.

Flower

Pink, White in Summer

Foliage

Bright-green in Spring; Bright-green in Summer; Bright-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

Cut stems in autumn. If self-seeding becomes a problem, cut back hard after the first flowering.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Valeriana officinalis (Common valerian) will reach a height of 2m and a spread of 0.8m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Bees (attract & feed bees), Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Wallside and trellises, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grows best in any moist soil in full sun or partial shade. Do not allow soil to dry out. May become invasive.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Valeriana officinalis

Other names

Common valerian, All heal, Set-well, English valerian, Belgian valerian, German valerian, Wild valerian, Heliotrope, Garden heliotrope, Fragrant valerian, Vandal root, Phu , Amantilla, Capon's tail

Genus

Valeriana Valeriana

Species

V. officinalis - V. officinalis is a clump-forming, upright, herbaceous perennial with fleshy, branching stems, aromatic, bright green basal and stem leaves and clusters of pink or white flowers in summer.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Clump-forming, Upright

Toxicity

Continual use, or high doses may cause severe discomfort and medical problems.


Colour

Flower

Pink, White in Summer

Foliage

Bright-green in Spring; Bright-green in Summer; Bright-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

Cut stems in autumn. If self-seeding becomes a problem, cut back hard after the first flowering.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Valeriana officinalis (Common valerian) will reach a height of 2m and a spread of 0.8m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Bees (attract & feed bees), Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Wallside and trellises, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grows best in any moist soil in full sun or partial shade. Do not allow soil to dry out. May become invasive.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive Tell us...
Soil pH: Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Valerian tea

Valerian root has been used for centuries to treat and relieve stress, anxiety, tension and insomnia. Internet is full of instructions how to make valerian tea, but it is always good to consult your… read more

There is 1 active discussion about Valeriana officinalis (Common valerian)

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