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Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia (Elder-leaved valerian)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
1.8m
Max height
0.8m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia

Other names

Elder-leaved valerian

Genus

Valeriana Valeriana

Species

V. officinalis subsp. sambucifolia - V. officinalis subsp. sambucifolia is a clump-forming, herbaceous perennial with pinnate leaves divided into lance-shaped, toothed, mid- to bright green leaves and erect, branching stems bearing cymes of small, fragrant, funnel-shaped, pink or white flowers in summer.


Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia is: Deciduous

Habit

Erect flower stem, Clump-forming

Toxicity

Continual use, or high doses may cause severe discomfort and medical problems.

Flower

White, Pink in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

Cut to the base in autumn.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia (Elder-leaved valerian) will reach a height of 1.8m and a spread of 0.8m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Wildlife, Wildflower, Low Maintenance, Cottage/Informal, City, Bees (attract & feed bees), Beds and borders

Cultivation

Grows best in any moist soil in full sun or partial shade. Do not allow soil to dry out. May need support.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia

Other names

Elder-leaved valerian

Genus

Valeriana Valeriana

Species

V. officinalis subsp. sambucifolia - V. officinalis subsp. sambucifolia is a clump-forming, herbaceous perennial with pinnate leaves divided into lance-shaped, toothed, mid- to bright green leaves and erect, branching stems bearing cymes of small, fragrant, funnel-shaped, pink or white flowers in summer.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Erect flower stem, Clump-forming

Toxicity

Continual use, or high doses may cause severe discomfort and medical problems.


Colour

Flower

White, Pink in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

Cut to the base in autumn.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Valeriana officinalis subsp. sambucifolia (Elder-leaved valerian) will reach a height of 1.8m and a spread of 0.8m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Wildlife, Wildflower, Low Maintenance, Cottage/Informal, City, Bees (attract & feed bees), Beds and borders

Cultivation

Grows best in any moist soil in full sun or partial shade. Do not allow soil to dry out. May need support.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive Tell us...
Soil pH: Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

ARTICLES WITH THIS PLANT

The M&G Garden by Andy Sturgeon - Best in Show 2019

M&G Investments, the title sponsor of the RHS Chelsea Flower Show, commissioned designer Andy Sturgeon (Best in Show winner 2010 and 2016) to create this incredible garden. read more

The Laurent-Perrier Garden by Dan Pearson - Best in Show 2015

Champagne Laurent-Perrier is delighted to be returning to the 2015 RHS Chelsea Flower Show, under the artistic direction of award-winning designer Dan Pearson. read more


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