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Viola alba (Parma violet)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.15m
Max height
0.5m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Viola alba

Other names

Parma violet

Genus

Viola Viola

Species

V. alba - V. alba are clump-forming perennials with mid-green, heart-shaped leaves and white flowers in spring.


Viola alba is: Evergreen

Fragrance

Flowers are fragrant.

Habit

Spreading

Flower

Blue, White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Snails , Violet leaf midge , Aphids Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Snails , Violet leaf midge , Aphids

Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust

General care

Pruning

Deadhead to prolong flowering.

Propagation methods

Division


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Where to grow

Viola alba (Parma violet) will reach a height of 0.15m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Edging, Garden edging, Low Maintenance, Underplanting

Cultivation

Grow in moist but well-drained soil in full sun or light shade. The Parma violets are not winter hardy. They will need some winter protection in a greenhouse or cold frame. They can also be brought indoors on a sunny window sill.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Viola alba

Other names

Parma violet

Genus

Viola Viola

Species

V. alba - V. alba are clump-forming perennials with mid-green, heart-shaped leaves and white flowers in spring.

Foliage

Evergreen

Fragrance

Flowers are fragrant.

Habit

Spreading


Colour

Flower

Blue, White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Snails , Violet leaf midge , Aphids

Specific diseases

Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust

General care

Pruning

Deadhead to prolong flowering.

Propagation methods

Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Viola alba (Parma violet) will reach a height of 0.15m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Edging, Garden edging, Low Maintenance, Underplanting

Cultivation

Grow in moist but well-drained soil in full sun or light shade. The Parma violets are not winter hardy. They will need some winter protection in a greenhouse or cold frame. They can also be brought indoors on a sunny window sill.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

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My garden
Sarah Hammond Ward
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My Garden
Shelagh McIntosh

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