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Viola tricolor (Heartsease)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.2m
Max height
0.2m
Max spread
1-2 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Viola tricolor

Other names

Heartsease, Wild pansy, Heart's ease, Heartease, Bird's eye, Black eye, Cat's faces, Come-and-cuddle me, Constancy, Cull-me-to-you, Cupid's flower, Fancy, Flamy, Flower of thought, Garden gate, Hearts in ease, Herb Trinity , Johnny-jump-up, Kiss-and-look-up, Kiss-me, Kiss-me-at-the-garden-gate, Kitty-come, Kitty-run, Lady's delight, Little faces, Love-in-idleness, Lowly down, Meet-her-in-the-entry-kiss-her-in-the-buttery , None-so-pretty, Pink of my Joan, Pink of my John, Stepmother plant, Thinking flower, Three faces under the hool, Tickle-my-fancy, Wild violet

Genus

Viola Viola

Species

V. tricolor - V. tricolor is compact, clump-forming, annual, biennial, or short-lived, evergreen perennial with ovate to heart-shaped, toothed, dark green leaves and, from spring into autumn, spurred, variable flowers, most often with dark purple upper petals, veined, pale yellow to pale purple middles petals, and a veined, deep yellow lower petal.


Viola tricolor is: Evergreen

Habit

Clump-forming, Compact

Flower

Lavender, Yellow, Purple in Spring; Yellow, Purple, Lavender in Summer; Yellow, Purple, Lavender in Autumn

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Snails , Violet leaf midge Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Snails , Violet leaf midge

Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust

General care

Pruning

Deadhead to prolong flowering. Cut back after flowering.

Propagation

Sow seed in a cold frame in spring. Often short-lived but tends to self-seed readily.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Viola tricolor (Heartsease) will reach a height of 0.2m and a spread of 0.2m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Garden edging, Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal, City, Beds and borders, Rock, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grow in most moderately fertile, moist or moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. Does not tolerate waterlogged conditions.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Viola tricolor

Other names

Heartsease, Wild pansy, Heart's ease, Heartease, Bird's eye, Black eye, Cat's faces, Come-and-cuddle me, Constancy, Cull-me-to-you, Cupid's flower, Fancy, Flamy, Flower of thought, Garden gate, Hearts in ease, Herb Trinity , Johnny-jump-up, Kiss-and-look-up, Kiss-me, Kiss-me-at-the-garden-gate, Kitty-come, Kitty-run, Lady's delight, Little faces, Love-in-idleness, Lowly down, Meet-her-in-the-entry-kiss-her-in-the-buttery , None-so-pretty, Pink of my Joan, Pink of my John, Stepmother plant, Thinking flower, Three faces under the hool, Tickle-my-fancy, Wild violet

Genus

Viola Viola

Species

V. tricolor - V. tricolor is compact, clump-forming, annual, biennial, or short-lived, evergreen perennial with ovate to heart-shaped, toothed, dark green leaves and, from spring into autumn, spurred, variable flowers, most often with dark purple upper petals, veined, pale yellow to pale purple middles petals, and a veined, deep yellow lower petal.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Clump-forming, Compact


Colour

Flower

Lavender, Yellow, Purple in Spring; Yellow, Purple, Lavender in Summer; Yellow, Purple, Lavender in Autumn

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Snails , Violet leaf midge

Specific diseases

Leaf spot , Powdery mildew , Rust

General care

Pruning

Deadhead to prolong flowering. Cut back after flowering.

Propagation

Sow seed in a cold frame in spring. Often short-lived but tends to self-seed readily.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Viola tricolor (Heartsease) will reach a height of 0.2m and a spread of 0.2m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Garden edging, Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal, City, Beds and borders, Rock, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grow in most moderately fertile, moist or moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. Does not tolerate waterlogged conditions.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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