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Vitis vinifera (Grape vine)

Intermediate
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
15m
Max height
4m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Vitis vinifera

Other names

Grape vine, Cultivated grape, Wine grape, European grape

Genus

Vitis Vitis

Species

V. vinifera - V. vinifera is a hardy, vigorous, woody, deciduous vine with mid-green, lobed leaves turning yellow, orange or red in autumn, dense panicles of fragrant, white flowers in late spring into early summer followed by clusters of large, edible, dark purple-black fruit with a pale bloom.


Vitis vinifera is: Deciduous

Habit

Climbing, Twining

Toxicity

Contact may irritate the skin.

Flower

White in Spring; White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Summer; Red, Orange, Yellow in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Brown scale , Glasshouse red spider mite , Mealybugs Brown scale , Glasshouse red spider mite , Mealybugs

Downy mildew , Powdery mildew Downy mildew , Powdery mildew

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 11 in midwinter and in midsummer. Pruning group 12 for formal training.

Propagation methods

Grafting, Hardwood cuttings, Layering, Seed


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Where to grow

Vitis vinifera (Grape vine) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Wallside and trellises

Cultivation

Plant in deep, rich, moist but well-drained loam in a sheltered, sunny or partially shaded site. Prefers neutral to slightly acid soil but will tolerate a wide range of conditions. Dislikes extremely chalky soil. Protect new growth from frost.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Vitis vinifera

Other names

Grape vine, Cultivated grape, Wine grape, European grape

Genus

Vitis Vitis

Species

V. vinifera - V. vinifera is a hardy, vigorous, woody, deciduous vine with mid-green, lobed leaves turning yellow, orange or red in autumn, dense panicles of fragrant, white flowers in late spring into early summer followed by clusters of large, edible, dark purple-black fruit with a pale bloom.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Climbing, Twining

Toxicity

Contact may irritate the skin.


Colour

Flower

White in Spring; White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Summer; Red, Orange, Yellow in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Brown scale , Glasshouse red spider mite , Mealybugs

Specific diseases

Downy mildew , Powdery mildew

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 11 in midwinter and in midsummer. Pruning group 12 for formal training.

Propagation methods

Grafting, Hardwood cuttings, Layering, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Vitis vinifera (Grape vine) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Wallside and trellises

Cultivation

Plant in deep, rich, moist but well-drained loam in a sheltered, sunny or partially shaded site. Prefers neutral to slightly acid soil but will tolerate a wide range of conditions. Dislikes extremely chalky soil. Protect new growth from frost.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Vitis vinifera (Grape vine)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa (all other strains and subspecies)

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range and many sub-species and strains; including those that could thrive in cooler climates; showing different levels of pathogenicity. Although EU regulated; there is some concern about the risk of introduction. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Vitis vinifera (Grape vine)

Common pest name

Citrus little leaf; Little leaf of citrus; Sour orange stem pitting; Stem pitting of sour orange; Xyloporosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Hop stunt viroid

Type

Virus or Viroid

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Pest of hops present in America and parts of Europe. PHPS provides good assurance of disease freedom; but EU regulation to be pursued to enhance protection in the longer term.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Vitis vinifera (Grape vine)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range detected in Corsica. Although EU regulated; there remains some concern about the risk of introduction. This subspecies is known to be able to thrive in cooler climates. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Sandy Tell us...
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